Pulmonology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases in the respiratory tract. Our pulmonologists look beyond simply the quality of care to developing a friendly, comfortable patient/pulmonologist relationship. Riverside Medical Group’s lung and sleep specialists also focus on education and rehabilitation to improve our patients’ overall health and quality of life.
Pulmonary Function Test – PFT
A Pulmonary Function Test is a series of non-invasive evaluations that measures how well your lungs are working and your risk for certain diseases. These evaluations can measure all of the following:
- Lung volumes, or how much air your lungs can hold by measuring the total volume of air in the lungs, or Thoracic Gas Volume (TGV), against the Functional Residual Capacity (FRC), or the amount of air in the lungs after you breathe out normally.
- Total lung capacity (TLC), or the most air you can inhale in your lungs at once
- Expiratory reserve volume (ERV), or the amount of extra air above a normal breath that is exhaled during a forceful breath out
- Inspiratory capacity (IC), which is the volume of air that can be inhaled following a normal, quiet expiration
- Inspiratory reserve volume (IRV), or the amount of extra air inhaled during a forceful breath in
- Residual volume (RV) which is the amount of air that remains in a person’s lungs after fully exhaling
- Airways resistance (Raw/Sgaw), which is the resistance of the respiratory tract to airflow during inhalation and exhalation.
Spirometry is one of the ways doctors can tell how well your lungs are working by measuring the air in and out of your lungs when you breathe.
Taking a spirometry test involves a small machine called a spirometer. The patient simply breathes into a small tube that is connected to the spirometer which measures how well your lungs work.
Spirometry tests are used to diagnose these conditions, and can be used in the PFT tests mentioned above:
- restrictive lung disease (such as interstitial pulmonary fibrosis)
- Other disorders affecting lung function
Spirometries also allow your doctor to monitor chronic lung conditions to check that your current treatment is improving your breathing.
FeNo Testing – Fraction of Exhaled Nitric Oxide Testing
Those who are affected by asthma and many other diseases suffer from restricted and inflamed airways. A FeNO test, or fraction of exhaled nitric oxide, is a simple, noninvasive test that can be done by adults and children wherein the patient blows air into a handheld device. The nitric oxide levels in the breath can indicate if the airways are inflamed and can help a doctor come to the appropriate diagnosis.
A FeNO test is right for you if
- You have respiratory symptoms but are unsure if you have asthma
- You have asthma and your medications are not reducing your symptoms
- You have asthma and would like to track the progress of your medication
The 6-Minute Walk Test – 6MWT
The 6-Minute Walk Test is a non-invasive test that measures the distance an individual is able to walk over a total of six minutes on a hard, flat surface. The goal is for the individual to walk as far as possible. The test is used to measure a number of issues and can be administered at any of our pulmonary office locations.